A native wild annual herb Plant, with small delicate violet purple flowers, that can be seen from April – September, often found growing on grassy meadows in hedgerows and gardens.
Common Vetch can also be identified by the noticeable long thin branching stems and oval leaves, which are made up from 3 to 8 pairs of leaflets, on the ends are thin tendrils which it uses to climb surrounding plants.
Common Vetch as a Cover Crop
In some countries Common Vetch is grown as cover crop for agriculture, often referred to as “Green Manure” and used as a natural way to enrich the soil with Nitrogen. It is also used for its qualities in suppressing weeds in cereal crops, vineyards and Orchards.
- Name: Common Vetch (victa sativa)
- Group: Fabaceae – Pea family
- Type: Annual
- Similar appearance to: Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa)
- Flowering: April – September
- Position: Sun or Semi shade
- Height: around 50cm
- Larval food plant:/
- Nectar plant: (to be updated)
- Photographed at: Urban Butterfly Garden, lincs 18th April 2015