Wild Primrose (Primula vulgaris) in Woodland and Gardens


A low growing early Spring perennial, with pale yellow flowers with orange/yellow centres, on slender hairy stems varying in size up to around 25cm long seen from February to May.

The leaves are in a rosette, arranged around the base of the flower stems.

Common and widespread throughout many areas of the UK, Primroses are most often found growing in, open woodland or under hedgerows, other places include, Roadside verges, Embankments, and Gardens.

Early wildflowers like Primroses are a good nectar source for Butterflies, Bees and many other insects in early spring, it is also a primary larval food plant for the rare Duke of Burgundy Butterfly (Hamearis lucina).

Wild Primrose flowers and leaves

Wild Primrose flowers and leaves

Wild Primrose (Primula vulgaris) flowering in woodland

Primrose (Primula vulgaris) flowering in woodland

Plant Information

  • Name: Wild Primrose (Primula vulgaris)
  • Species: Primula
  • Type: Herbaceous perennial
  • Also Known As: English primrose
  • Where: Common and Widespread through-out Britain
  • Habitat: Often found on – Woodland, Shaded Meadows, Embankments, Roadside verges and Gardens.
  • When does it flower? February to May.
  • Fruiting: n/a.
  • Height around: 25cm.
  • Larval Food Plant: Duke of Burgundy Butterfly
  • Other well known Primula Varieties: Cowslips (primula veris)

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